Convent Light Street Penang Oldest Girls School in Southeast Asia

Convent Light Street Penang Oldest Girls School in Southeast Asia

Convent Light Street Penang Oldest Girls School in Southeast Asia

Three French missionary nuns founded convent Light Street Penang Oldest Girls School in Southeast Asia. The Sisters arrived in Penang on April 12, 1852.

Sister Gaetau, Sister Appolinaire, and Sister Gregoire arrived after a long, perilous journey by sea from France to Penang.

The first Sisters to arrive significantly suffered.

The pioneer nuns of the Infant Jesus Sisters Institute (IJS) struggled against all the odds and lay the very foundation of early education for girls in Southeast Asia.

The brave young, inexperienced nuns exhausted from their perilous five-month journey sea voyage when they arrived in Malaya.

They were unprepared for the tropics as they battled with unsanitary conditions, pests, rodents, cockroaches, mosquitoes, and tropical diseases.

The Sisters always suffered from heat sores, rashes, scabs, and stomach upsets.

Reverend Mother Mathilde Raclot later joined the Sisters in Penang. The Sisters held on to their long periods of prayer and meditation, determined to educate poor girls.

The dedicated and generous Sisters persisted with the belief that through education, the poor could exit the poverty cycle.

The Sisters founded over 40 convent schools in Malaya, which included the Convent CHIJMES of Singapore. For over three-and-a-half centuries, the IJS was administered from their Mother House at historic Rue St. Maur in Paris. The institute now serves on four continents.

CLS was dearest to the Sisters as it bore great significance to the IJS global community.

Convent Light Street – The early years

Life for the French Sisters was hard as they learn to acclimatize to the sweltering heat of the tropics.

Speaking only French, they had to learn the local language, culture, and customs.

Despite unrelenting heat, humidity, and lack of money, the Sisters forged ahead to build a school.

The Sisters set up a school on Lebuh Church in a building offered to them by Missions Etrangères de Paris (French) Paris Foreign Missions Society (MEP). The MEP also sponsored their journey to Malaya.

The Sisters cleared the jungles and constructed their school from scratch with help from poor villagers and kind donors.

It was a mere atap hut in the original vicinity Church of the Assumption. By the time the school was up and running, the enrolment was 30-day pupils, nine borders, and 16 orphans.

Besides running a school by day, the Sisters had to support themselves and raise funds for their work.

They sewed at night and sold their products to the wives of the local Chinese merchants.

Convent Light Street – Orphanage

Convent Light Street (CLS) also functioned as an orphanage in Penang Island.

The Sisters raised babies abandoned at their doorsteps by poor people. They would take in unwanted newborn babies and infants of every race.

Some orphans were given schooling. Most of the orphans helped with cleaning, cooking, and gardening. When the girls attained adulthood, they married and started families of their own. However, most of the girls chose to be single.

The girls remain close to the Sisters and spend their weekends in the school, being with “family.”

Convent Light Street Penang Oldest Girls School in Southeast Asia

The badminton court at Convent Light Street, Penang. Photo: Amanda Teo

Convent Light Street Founder – Mother St. Mathilde

The founder, Reverend Mother St Mathilde, was born in 1814. As a young girl growing up in France, Marie Justine Raclot became a nun in 1834 despite her mother’s opposition.

She was a natural teacher who was authoritative yet sensitive to children’s needs.

Mother St Mathilde fulfilled her ambition to become a missionary and left for Asia at age 38. In September 1852, the Congregation sent Mother St Mathilde with four sisters to Penang.

She was to provide support and guide the group of sisters who had arrived earlier in the Convent in Penang.

Her journey took six weeks as she traveled through Egypt overland. The Suez Canal was only opened in 1869.

Two years later, in 1854, three Sisters led by Reverend Mother St. Mathilde Raclot arrived in Singapore and set up the Convent at Victoria Street.

They found day-old babies at their doorstep and soon opened a Convent Orphanage and a Home for Abandoned Babies.

Reverend Mother St. Mathilde was a nun for 79 years and spent almost 60 years in Asia. In 1872, two decades after she arrived in Penang, she led the first group of French sisters to Japan.

There the Sisters worked with disadvantaged Japanese women and children.

The formidable Mother St Mathilde died in 1911 at the remarkable age of 97 while in Japan. In 2014, they inducted Mother Mathilde Raclot into the Singapore Women’s Hall of Fame.

Convent Light Street girls have a high level of English mastery.

The French Sisters accepted the challenge of running their schools in English medium to produce English educated girls.

The convent school displayed exemplary academic performance with a high level of English mastery.

As the school’s reputation grew “internationally” royalties, elites and expatriates from neighboring Southeast Asia countries began to send their daughters to study here.

The Sister’s formidable reputation and dead-serious disciplinary approach educated young women with character building, academics, and home science.

The Sisters are authoritative and sensitive to mold young girls’ characters.

The girls from wealthier backgrounds needed to learn to cook and sew. For the girls who were weaker in their studies, commerce was introduced, so they were able to join the workforces after completing high school.

The Sisters’ wisdom was to equip their young charges to pursue their dreams unrelentingly with the right attitude and tenacity.

The convent schools in Malaysia were founded and operated by the early Sisters through sheer courage, commitment, determination, determination, and sacrifice.

Despite being run by nuns, the schools in Malaya accepted girls from every race, religion, and social class.

More Sisters arrived to help set up other convent schools across Malaya. The Sisters were there when the nation was in its infancy needed them most, both socially and economically.

Convent Light Street Penang Oldest Girls School in Southeast Asia

Excited Primary 1 students were settling in before class starts. Photo: Amanda Teo

Malaysia’s First Women Achievers are former Convent Light Street girls.

Many notable Penang personalities who have studied during the regime of the no-nonsense nuns have assumed leadership roles and achieved high levels of affluence.

In later years, some Convent girls embraced the Order of the Infant Jesus Sisters and committed themselves to the religious community.

Malaysia’s first nun of IJS, Sister St. Emile, became the principal of Alor Setar School in 1905.

The last generation of girls educated by the nuns. We pay tribute to those Convent girls who broke barriers and established several firsts in their industries.

Malaysia’s first woman ambassador to United Nations, lawyer Tan Sri P.G. Lim; Malaysia’s first woman group chief editor of The Star newspaper, Datuk Ng Poh Tip and former President of the Malaysian Bar Council, Ambiga Sreenevasan.

Convent Light Street School Motto

Convent Light Street School’s motto proudly reminds the public of the pioneering nuns who founded the oldest girls’ school in Malaysia.

This motto Simple Dans Ma Vertu, Forte Dans Mon Devoir (French), means Simple in My Virtues, Strong in My Duties (English).

Convent Light Street Penang Oldest Girls School in Southeast Asia

The CLS Motto can be seen on the facade of the building. “Penyuluh” the school magazine was published in 1980. Photo: Thum Suet Fong.

Historical Buildings on Convent Light Street Site

The oldest convent school is not only a collection of beautifully restored old historical buildings.

The halls, corridors, and cloisters echo the footsteps of the early nuns who saw the need for girl’s education.

It was the steely determination and single-mindedness of the nuns, and their sacrifices led to the establishment of the best education system for girls.

Convent Light Street Penang Oldest Girls School in Southeast Asia

In recent years, the school built classrooms above the single-story secondary school canteen. The area in front called “The Beach” was paved over. Photo: Ch’ng Oon Tian

The Penang Government House

The historically significant Government House was built in 1793 following Captain Francis Light’s founding of George Town.

The Sisters bought the seven-acre estate Government House in Light Street in 1859.

Over the years, the Sisters expanded the school to include Old Chapel (1867), the Old Hall, dormitories, kitchens, cloisters, and classrooms (1882).

Other extensions included the three stories New Hall, classrooms, and science laboratories were added in 1901, 1929, and 1934 until they built the site up.

Convent Light Street Penang Oldest Girls School in Southeast Asia

CLS Class of 1980 Reunion group photo taken outside the Government House. The girls used to have their domestic science classes just behind the doors. Photo: Amanda Teo.

The St. Xavier’s Field

The Sisters sold a spacious playing field to the neighboring St. Xavier’s Institution, the oldest Catholic boys’ school in Malaysia.

Part of the agreement was for the Convent girls to use the field for exercises and games on selected days.

On other days, they reserved the field for the Xaverian boys who walked across Light Street via an overhead pedestrian bridge.

They built a wall separating the field from Convent Light Street.

There was a lockable door for the Convent girls to access the field.

Interestingly, the wall now serves as the boundary between the Core Zone and the Buffer Zone of the UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Francis Light’s Well

Next to the Government House is the Francis Light’s Well, which is the private which was dug for his personal use. The secured well is still standing today.

They kept the well out of bounds to inquisitive young girls with stories repeated through the centuries.

If the girls peered into the well, Captain Francis Light would wave from the bottom! That was enough to keep curious girls away from playing near a well.

Convent Light Street Penang Oldest Girls School in Southeast Asia

The Francis Light’s Well was a source of mystery to the schoolgirls. As adults, we dared to peer into its murky depths! Photo: Ch’ng Oon Tian.

The Convent Light Street Chapel

The beautiful, quiet, and serene chapel was a refuge for the girls. The Catholic girls would come early and join the nuns for daily morning mass.

A Catholic priest would come over to say mass for the nuns.

The Chinese and Indian girls would follow their Catholic friends to pray quietly before exams.

Most of the girls will beseech the Blessed Virgin Mary for help during exams. Catholic or not, when desperate, the Convent girls will pray their set prayers of the “Our Father” and “Hail Mary” by rote.

They have removed the cross and the tabernacle from the Old Chapel.

The chapel no longer functions as a Catholic church building. Mass is no longer celebrated here.

Convent Light Street Penang Oldest Girls School in Southeast Asia

Mass is no longer celebrated at the School Chapel, Convent Light Street, Penang. Photo: Doris Lim

Convent Light Street Penang Oldest Girls School in Southeast Asia

The School Chapel, Convent Light Street, Penang. Photo: Amanda Teoh.

Historical Relics on Site in Convent Light Street

There are a few notable Relics on the site, which included the framed prisoners of war scribbling etched into the walls.

The Beeham Combe Hill Bell was rung as the school bell. In later years, the school installed an automated bell.

Framed POW scribbling

Most notable is the scribbling on the classroom walls left by the WWII POWs (prisoners of war).  The Japanese army used some primary classrooms as prison cells during the Japanese occupation of Malaya.

A Form 2 classroom was the most notorious site in the entire Convent.

It was the internment camp for a group of POWs captured by the Japanese after the USS GRENADIER SS-210 was sunk in the Straits of Malacca.

During their incarceration, the POWs would scratch their names with their belt buckles, on various parts of the classroom walls.

We can see the photos of the inscription at the memorial site for the captured crew members of the USS GRENADIER SS-210.


Eight officers and 68 enlisted men were captured and taken to Penang.

The POWs were questioned, beaten, and starved before being sent to other prison camps along the Malay Peninsula and finally to Japan.

Even though they suffered brutal and inhuman treatment, the men refused to reveal military information to their captors.

Despite the brutal and sadistic treatment, all but four of GRENADIER’s crew survived their two years in Japanese hands to tell rescuing American forces of their boat’s last patrol and the courage and heroism of her skipper and crew.

GRENADIER received four battle stars for World War II service.

The full history of USS GRENADIER (SS-210) is found on this link here.

Convent Light Street Penang Oldest Girls School in Southeast Asia

The framed POW scribbling is in these classrooms. Photo: Amanda Teo

Beeham Combe Hill Bell

The bell dated 1897 was originally installed at the Combe Hill entrance gate of the late Cheah Chen Eok’s property.

The bell toiled whenever the Cheah family returned home so that the door further up the hill could be opened in time.

The Japanese took the bell from Combe Hill and brought it to the Convent during World War II.

After the war, the Cheah family discovered the lost bell but decided to leave it at the Convent. The bell is still used today by the Primary School.

Convent Light Street Penang Oldest Girls School in Southeast Asia

Beeham Combe Hill Bell at Convent Light Street Penang Photo: Amanda Teoh

Category 1 Heritage Buildings

In the George Town World Heritage zone, there are over 80 Category 1 heritage buildings.

The 165-year-old Convent Light Street (CLS), the country’s oldest missionary girls’ school, is one of the listed buildings.

There are seven interconnected buildings on the site.

Category 1 heritage buildings are defined as buildings or monuments and sites of exceptional interest and must be conserved as the original.

George Town World Heritage Incorporated (GTWHI), which manages the heritage zone in the historic town, explained that these buildings could only be repaired to its original structures using authentic traditional ways of building methods and materials.

This building cannot be demolished or changed in any way. For further explanation, please contact GTWHI.

Convent Light Street Penang Oldest Girls School in Southeast Asia

The cloisters were out of bounds to the students. This is where the Sisters prayed, mediated, and have a quiet time. Photo: Amanda Teoh

Getting there by bus

In the mid-morning, you can take a slow walk to Convent Light Street from Weld Quay Ferry & Bus Terminal. Head towards the central banking district along Beach Street.

Head towards the Jubilee Clock Tower and go to Fort Cornwallis and the Esplanade. You can stop by the Kota Selera Food Court adjoining Fort Cornwallis for a tasty lunch of spicy Mee Goreng Sotong and a refreshing Coconut Shake.

Continue your walk along the Esplanade promenade and go by Dewan Sri Pinang, continue along Light Street until you arrive at Convent Light Street at the end of the road.

Due to strict security, they do not allow the public to enter the school grounds. 

Western Road Cemetery

The graves of the nuns at the Western Road cemetery bear witness to the Sisters’ short lives of hardship and servitude.

The markers are poignant reminders of the Sisters’ sacrifices to provide an excellent education for the girls.

The Convent Schools, founded by the pioneer nuns of the IJS, have produced millions of young women of good characters with sufficient knowledge.

The Sisters empowered women to face the challenges of adult life for over a century.

Convent Light Street Penang Oldest Girls School in Southeast Asia

The legacy of the brave missionary French nuns continues to empower generations of Convent students nurtured through early education for girls.


Three Penang convent schools are not shutting down’ [NSTTV] 

List of missionary schools in Malaysia, Wikipedia

The Visible Elements of a Church

USS GRENADIER (SS-210) History via SUBNET  

Convent Light Street Penang Oldest Girls School in Southeast Asia

Students in the Old School Hall sang Christmas Carol. Photo: Doris Lim

Updated June 22, 2019


It was reported by an English daily that SK Convent Light Street, SMK Convent Light Street, and SMK Convent Pulau Tikus would close by 2024, and the land on which the schools are situated would be returned to the Sisters of Infant Jesus (IJS).

The three iconic convent schools are not shutting down, but “transforming for the better.”

According to Datuk Tan Leh Sah, who chairs the board of governors of SK Convent Light Street and SMK Convent Light Street, the IJS was trying to bring the schools back to their original purpose of providing wholesome education.

Since the 1990s, the nuns made a highly publicized pledge that the ‘Convent is not for sale.’ The previous statements by the nuns have always stressed that the grounds would always be an institution of learning.

Tan said the IJS would issue a statement when the mother provincial returned from a trip abroad.

She also urged everyone to give the Sisters of Infant Jesus space and time to execute their plans.

“They will release more details on the plans for the schools’ future when things firm up as there are many procedures including government applications that need to be sorted out,” she said, adding that claims by certain quarters that the nuns had failed to consult the alumni were false.

Updated September 3, 2020


Convent Light Street Finalizes Plans For International School

Convent Light Street, established in 1852, is one of the oldest girls’ schools in Southeast Asia.

GEORGE TOWN: Convent Light Street (CLS), the country’s oldest convent school, will be turned into a private international school that teaches the British syllabus.

The Sisters of the Holy Infant Jesus (SIJ) order, which runs the convent, said while the new school will retain its identity, it will function as a co-ed school.

In a statement today, SIJ said the new operators will implement the plan immediately in part of the school’s premises as soon as government approvals are obtained.

CLS’s last batch of pupils will graduate from the national education system in 2024.

In 2017, SIJ had sought to reclaim the convent, which teaches both primary and secondary levels, from the education ministry. This led to speculation that the school might be permanently closed amid opposition by the state government and a strong alumni body.

The Sisters later said they had no plans to close down the school but wanted to opt-out of the national system because of low enrolment and escalating costs in the upkeep of a heritage building. The government acceded to SIJ’s request in 2018.

Open space inside Convent Light Street where students assemble.
SIJ said it has appointed ACE Edventure, which is founded by the school’s alumni Anne Tham and Melinda Lim, to run the new school in collaboration with the Sisters.

“Our mission is to provide wholesome education to children, irrespective of race or creed.

“The Sisters had been actively meeting with several reputable school operators over the last one year to identify one with similar aspirations and like-mindedness.

“They found in ACE Edventure a good fit. They can provide affordable learning that is dynamic, progressive, and relevant. Most importantly, they are willing to maintain the ethos of the SIJ convent schools which emphasizes character building,” the statement added.

SIJ said the international school will offer Year 1 to Year 10 classes leading to the International General Certificate of Secondary Education with an entrepreneurial component.

The IJ Sisters from Paris came to Malaya in 1852 and founded Convent Light Street 167 years ago. It is one of the oldest girls’ schools in Southeast Asia.

SIJ also opened Convent Saint Maur in Pulau Tikus, later renamed Convent Pulau Tikus (CPT), in 1922.

News of the closure of CLS and CPT first broke in 2017. At that time, the Sisters said they had no plans to redevelop or sell the land but would continue to use it for educational purposes.

CLS was nationalized in 1971, and CPT in 2005, with their operations controlled by the education ministry. Both schools stopped accepting pupils in 2018, with the last batch of students to graduate in 2024.

CLS started on Church Street, next to the original Church of the Assumption. As the number of students grew, the school bought over the home of the first British settler in Penang, Francis Light, on Light Street.

Government House and its 2.8ha surroundings facing North Beach have been home to CLS since 1859. It even became a top boarding school for children of prominent families, and orphans alike.

If You Went To An All-Girls Convent School in Malaysia or Singapore, feel free to share your memories here.

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