One Pillar Pagoda (Chùa Một Cột) Vietnam

One Pillar Pagoda (Chùa Một Cột) Vietnam

One Pillar Pagoda (Chùa Một Cột) Vietnam

The One Pillar Pagoda (Chùa Một Cột) Vietnam is a historic Buddhist temple with the unique architecture in Asia.

One of Vietnam’s most popular tourist attractions, this iconic temples, it is next to the Perfume Temple.

One Pillar Pagoda is an excellent example of traditional Vietnamese temple architecture dating back to nearly 1,000 years of history.

This is one of the must-visit places in the travel notebook of tourists visiting Hanoi.

The pagoda attracts many domestic and foreign tourists in Vietnam Travel.

Many childless couples visit the temple to offer prayers for fertility.

What is a Pagoda?

Pagoda is a tiered tower with multiple eaves common to China, Japan, Korea, Vietnam and other parts of Asia.

What is the meaning of Pagoda?

In a Hindu or Buddhist temple, a pagoda means many tiered ornamental towers.

What is the purpose of a Pagoda?

We can trace the origin of the pagoda to the stupa (3rd century BCE). The stupa, a dome-shaped monument, is a commemorative monument associated with storing sacred relics. The pagoda’s original purpose was to house relics and sacred writings.

Source: Wikipedia

What is the difference between a Pagoda and a Temple?

In English, ‘temple’ is a more general term designating any building where people go to worship. The term ‘pagoda’ refers to a Hindu or Buddhist temple.

The Vietnamese also uses two main words “đền” and “chùa” translated respectively as temple and pagoda.

The History of One Pillar Pagoda

Emperor Lý Thái Tông (1028 to 1054) who built the temple childless.

The emperor would visit pagodas and pray earnestly to the Buddha for a son.

One night, the emperor dreamed that he met the bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara.

The Buddha handed him a baby son.

Lý Thái Tông married a peasant girl that he met.

She bore him a son.

In gratitude, the emperor ordered the construction of the temple to resemble the one he saw in his dream.

The design of the One Pillar Pagoda rises out in the middle of a lotus pond.

The design was to resemble a pink lotus flower with 1000 petals lifting a glittering golden Buddha statue.

A lotus flower that rises out of a muddy pond to bloom is a Buddhist symbol of purity.

The monks recited Buddhist scriptures and prayed for the longevity of the Emperor Lý Thái Tông.

The Destruction of the One Pillar Pagoda Temple

Dien Huu Pagoda means long-lasting happiness and good luck. However, luck ran out for the pagoda during the First Indochina War (1954).

The French Union forces destroyed the pagoda that year.

One Pillar Pagoda (Chùa Một Cột) Vietnam

One Pillar Pagoda’s Architecture and Historical Values

The One Pillar Pagoda (Chùa Một Cột) was classified as a historical relic on April 28, 1962.

On May 4, 2006, they recorded it in the Vietnamese Guinness Book as The pagoda with the unique architecture in Vietnam.

Nowadays, the One Pillar Pagoda has become one of the most delightful architectural complexes in Hanoi, attracting many domestic and foreign tourists.

The Reconstruction of the One Pillar Pagoda

The unique architecture of Chùa Một Cột is that it supports the entire temple on a single stone column. This stone column is approximately 4m high from the pond’s water level and 1.2m in diameter.

They build the temple out of wood is in the shape of a square with each side of 3m with a curved roof.

The unique architecture harmoniously combines poetical imagery, imagination, and sound structural design.

The construction system of wood beams is perfect to show off the beauty of the serene pagoda.

One Pillar Pagoda (Chùa Một Cột) Vietnam

The setting of the pagoda is in the middle of a square-shaped lotus pond.

Trees shade it to create closeness and harmony.

Thousands of visitors go to this pagoda every year. There is a sense of peace in the temple grounds.

The purity, elegance, and mindfulness are present here.

They design the temple to express the Buddhist noble teaching of compassion.

One Pillar Pagoda’s architecture harmonizes with the elements.

The blue sky above, green of leaves and water gives rest and repose to the soul. Many visits and go from the temple at peace with the purity of the soul.

One Pillar Pagoda Opening Hours

One pillar pagoda opening hours: 6 am – 6 pm daily.
The entrance is FREE.

There is a replica of the One Pillar Pagoda is in Thủ Đức in Saigon.

How to Travel to the One Pillar Pagoda, Hanoi, Vietnam

Hanoi is a major transport hub in Vietnam. Most flights land at Noi Bai International Airport which offers connecting flights to other cities in Vietnam and Southeast Asia destinations. The railway connects to Ho Chi Minh City. Visit Train Street in Hanoi’s Old Quarter. This famous narrow gap railway line has trains running in the tight space between old houses in Hanoi. The buses connect to almost every Vietnamese province.

Where to Visit Next

One Pillar Pagoda 

Chùa Một Cột, Đội Cấn, Ba Đình, Hà Nội 100000, Vietnam
Opening Hours: Daily 7.00 am to 6.00 pm

Vietnam is next to Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum on Ngoc Ha Street.


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