One Pillar Pagoda (Chùa Một Cột) Vietnam, is a historic Buddhist temple in Hanoi. The pagoda has the most unique architecture in Asia.
One of Vietnam’s most popular tourist attractions, this iconic temples, it is next to the Perfume Temple. One Pillar Pagoda is an excellent example of traditional Vietnamese temple architecture dating back to nearly 1,000 years of history.
This is one of the must-visit places in travel notebook of tourists visiting Hanoi. The pagoda attracts a large number of domestic and foreign tourists in Vietnam Travel. Many childless couples visit the temple to offer prayers for fertility.
The temple was built by the Emperor Lý Thái Tông (1028 to 1054) who was childless. The emperor would visit pagodas and pray earnestly to the Buddha for a son.
One night, the emperor dreamt that he met the bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara. The Buddha handed him a baby son.
Lý Thái Tông married a peasant girl that he met. She bore him a son. In gratitude, the emperor ordered the construction of the temple to resemble the one he saw in his dream. The design of the One Pillar Pagoda rises out in the middle of a lotus pond.
The design was to resemble a pink lotus flower with 1000 petals lifting up a glittering golden Buddha statue. A lotus flower that rises out of a muddy pond to bloom is a Buddhist symbol of purity.
The monks recited Buddhist scriptures and prayed for the longevity of the Emperor Lý Thái Tông.
DESTRUCTION OF THE TEMPLE
Dien Huu Pagoda means long lasting happiness and good luck. However, luck ran out for the pagoda during the First Indochina War (1954). The French Union forces destroyed the pagoda that year.
ARCHITECTURAL AND HISTORICAL VALUES
The One Pillar Pagoda (Chùa Một Cột) was classified as a historical relic on April 28, 1962. On May 4, 2006, it was recorded in the Vietnamese Guinness Book as The pagoda with the unique architecture in Vietnam. Nowadays, one pillar pagoda has become one of the most delightful architectural complexes in Hanoi, attracting a large number of domestic and foreign tourists.
The unique architecture of Chùa Một Cột is that the entire temple is supported on a single stone column. This stone column is approximately 4m high from the pond’s water level and 1.2m in diameter. The temple is built of wood is in the shape of a square with each side of 3m with a curved roof.
The pagoda unique architecture is a harmonious combination of poetical imagery, imagination, and sound structural design. The construction system of wood beams is perfect to show off the beauty of the serene pagoda.
The setting of the pagoda is in a middle of a square-shaped lotus pond. It is shaded by trees to create closeness and harmony. Thousands of visitors go to this pagoda every year. There is a sense of peace in the temple grounds. The purity, elegance, and mindfulness are present here.
The temple is designed to express the Buddhist noble teaching of compassion.
One Pillar Pagoda’s architecture harmonizes with the elements. The blue sky above, green of leaves and water gives rest and repose to the soul. Many visits and go from the temple at peace with purity of the soul.
One pillar pagoda opening hours: 6 am – 6 pm daily.
Entrance is free.
There is a replica of the One Pillar Pagoda’s is in located in Thủ Đức in Saigon.
TRAVEL TO ONE PILLAR PAGODA, HANOI, VIETNAM
Hanoi is a major transport hub in Vietnam. Most flights land at Noi Bai International Airport which offers connecting flights to other cities in Vietnam and Southeast Asian destinations. The railway connects all the way to Ho Chi Minh City. You may want to visit Train Street, in Hanoi’s Old Quarter. This famous narrow gap railway line has trains running in the tight space in between old houses in Hanoi. The buses connect to almost every Vietnamese province.
One Pillar Pagoda (Chùa Một Cột) Vietnam is next to Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum on Ngoc Ha Street.
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